Gobir

  • Hotuna: Zinder ta shirya tsab dan tarben Bikin 18 Decembre 2018

    A Jamhoriyar Nijar, kowace shekara Gwamnatin kasa na ware makuddan kudade dan yin aikace-aikace da sunka haɗa da gine-ginen zamani da kwaskwarima birnin da kauye saboda babban bikin ranar da Nijar ta zama kasa mai cikakken yanci daga Turawan Mulkin Mallaka, Faransawa. Wannan shekarar, ranar 18 ga Disamba, Jahar Zinder zata baƙunci wannan biki inda tun bara 2017 ake ta kolliya mai taken “Zinder Sabouwa.” Saboda haka GobirMob ta kutsa ta kawo muku hotunan Sabuwar Zinder ɗin dan ku ba idanuwanku abunci.

    Masana tarihi sunce a Jahar Zinder aka farashi lokacin tana zaman Babban Birnin kasar kafin daga bisani aka tashi aka koma Niamey saboda matsalar ruwa da ta addabi garin Damagaram. An kuma ce Malamai da sunka ga irin bala’in da ake tabkawa a garin na Malamai, shi yassa Damagarawa sunka dage da addu’o’in ba dare ba rana har Allah ya kawo matsalar ruwa da ta sa aka bar garin.

    Anyi na Diffa 2013, Dosso Sogha 2014, Maradi Kolliya 2015, Tahoua Sakola 2016, Agadez Sokni 2017, bana 2108 za’a yi na Zinder, Zinder Sabouwa. Allah yasa a yi lafiya, a gama lafiya.

    Ga hotunan Zinder Sabouwa:






  • Shin Gwamnatin Aminu Waziri Tambuwal ta san da Sabon Birni

    Shekarun Gwamna Aminu Waziri Tambuwal na wa’adin shekara hudu a kan mulki sun kusa karewa amman har yanzu Gwamnatin ta kasa kawo karshen matsalar wutar lantarki a Sabon Birni lamarin da a shekarun baya tayi ikirarin shawo kan matsalar wanda duk da gyaran da Gwamnatin tace tayi amman har yanzu ba’a fi samun wutar wata ukku ba tunda ya hau mulki.

    Hakan na nuna bai damu da yan Sabon Birni ba duk da irin dimbin kuri’un da sunka zuba mai a zaben 2015 inda ya samu nasarar zama Gwamnan Jahar Sakkwato sannan kuma gashi wani zabe yana karatowa amman har yanzu babu ayyuka 3 masu girma da zai nuna ma Gobirawan karamar hukumar Sabon Birni a matsayin godiya. Koko dai a wannan zabe mai zuwa baya da bukatar kuri’ar su.

  • Music: Sogha Aichatou- Sultan Abdu Bala Marafa

    A kwanan baya wata Shahararrar Mawakiya a Jamhoriyar Nijar wadda tayi suna a fagen Wakokin Gargajiya da na Faransanci; Aichatou Ali Soumaila, ta kawo ziyarar ban girma a Masarautar Tsibirin Gobir inda tayi wajen sati biyu a garin tana sada zumunta. Mawakiyar ta wake Sarkin Gobir Maimartaba Abdu Bala Marafa a salon mai ma’ana da daɗaɗa kunnai.

    A baitin wakar, Aichatou ta ambato wasu Sarakunan Gobir wanda sunka yi gwagwarmaya ta dabam a tarihin Daular Gobir, a Nahiyar Afrika. Ku dauko ku sha saurare!

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  • Hotuna: Nadin Sarautar Alh Yakubu Gobir a Garin Daura

    A Jiya Talata aka yi Wankan Sarautar Alhaji Yakubu Gobir a Daura, Jahar Katsina wanda yan uwa da abokan arziki daga sassa dabam-dabam na Nijeriya sunka halarta. Alhaji Yakubu Gobir Matasin Dan Kasuwa ne, Maitaimakawa Gajiyayyu, kana kuma Dan takarar Gwamna a Jahar Kwara, karkashin Tutar jam’iyar APC. Shine ya sayo Motoci dari biyu (200) ya bada dan yakin neman Zaben Shugaba Buhari da Mataimaki Osinbajo.

    Maimartaba Sarkin Daura, Dr. Alhaji Umar Farouk ya nada mai Sarautar Wazirin Hausa ganin irin taimakon da yake a Jahar Kwara da sauran Jahohi a Arewacin Nijeriya. Sardaunan Gobir, Dr. Ibrahim Abdullahi Gobir tareda tawagarshi sun halarci wannan wankan sarauta a Garin Daura. Allah ya taya Waziri riko.

    Ga ragowar hotunan daga taron nadin sarautar:

  • Sanarwar taron Gobirawan Duniya wanda Jami’ar Usmanu Danfodiyo zata kaddamar dan karawa juna sani

    Muna farin cikin sanarda ku wani muhimmin taron kasa da kasa na farko(First International Conference) na Gobirawan duniya wanda Sashen Nazarin Larabci da Addinin Musulumci(Faculty of Arts and Islamic studies)Jami’ar Usmanu Danfodiyo Sokoto zata kaddamar dan kara ma juna sani, daga ranar 9 ga watan Yuli zuwa 13. A baya wani sashen jami’ar ya gudanarda makamacin taron na Kabilar Kabawa, daya daga alummar Hausawa dake kewayeda Jahar ta Sakkwato. Za’a yi wannan taron a dakin taro na Jami’ar Usmanu Danfodiyo, University Auditorium.

    Shehunnan Masana Tarihi daga Jami’o’i wajen goma-sha-biyu (12) zasu halarci taron na kwanakki ukku dan gabatarda Tarihin da ya shafi Daular Gobir da Gobirawa; Asalin Gobirawa, Sarakunan da Gobir tayi, Asalin yaren Gobir, Alakar Gobirawa da sauran kabilu makwabta d.s.s wanda aka ma take “Masarautar Gobir, Jiya da Yau: Sauyi da Sauye-sauye- Gobir Kingdom, Past and Present: Transformations and Change.” Masana tarihin zasu zo daga Jami’o’i a Kasashen Afrika, Asiya, Turai da Kasashen Larabawa.

    Ga Sunayen Wasu Manyan Baki da Sarakan da zasu halarci taron:

    SHUGABAN TARO:
    Sanata Dr. Ibrahim Abdullahi Gobir
    Sanata Mai Wakiltar Yankin Sakkwato ta Gabas

    UWAYEN BIKI:
    Maimartaba, Sultan na Tsibiri,
    Alhaji Abdou Bala Marafa
    Jamhoriyar Nijar

    Mai martaba, Sultan na Sokoto
    Dr. Muhammad Sa’ad Abubakar

    KASIDU:
    Prof. Addo Muhamman
    Shugaban Jami’ar Tahoua
    Jamhoriyar Nijar

    Prof. Ila Maikasuwa
    Tsohon Ministan Ilimi Jamhoriyar Nijar

    Prof. Aliyu Muh’d Bunza
    Shugaban Sashen Ilimiya da Kimiyyar Danadam a Jami’ar Gusau

    MANYAN BAKI NA MUSAMMAN:
    Mai girma Rt Hon. Aminu Waziru Tambuwal (Matawallen Sakkwato)
    Gwamnan Jahar Sokoto

    Mai girma, Abdulaziz Abubakar Yari (Shettiman Marafa, Matawallen Zamfara) Gwamnan Jahar Zamfara

    Mai girma Sanata Atiku Bagudu (Matawallen Gwandu) Gwamnan Jahar Kebbi

    JIGOGIN JAWABI NA MUSAMMAN:
    Prof. Djibbo Mamman
    Shugaban Jami’ar Abdou moumini Niamey, Jamhoriyar Nijar

    Prof. Hakeem O Danmole
    Jami’ar Al-Hikmah Ilorin, Kwara Nigeria

    BABBAN MAI MASAUKIN BAKI:
    Prof. A.A Zuru
    Shugaban Jami’ar Usman Danfodio Sokoto

  • Hotuna: Nadin sarautar shahararren Dankasuwar Maradi a Tsibirin Gobir

    A ranar lahadine daidai da 24 ga watan Dicemba 2017 aka yi wankan sarautar Elhj Sani Bala Dansani a Tibiri Gobir. Sani Bala shahararren dankasuwa ne kuma dansiyasa a Jahar Maradi, Jamhoriyar Nijar. Sani Bala ɗa ne ga margyayin dan kasuwa a jahar, cewa da Elhj Bala Dansani, Allah ya jikanshi da rahama.

    An naɗa Sani Bala Dan garan Gobir wadda da alamu sarautace tasu ta gado. Manyan bakin da sunka hallara a taron sun haɗa da sarakan Gobir daga Nijar da Nijeriya, Jami’an Gwamnati, Yan Siyasa da Yan Kasuwa, gamida yanuwa da abokan arziki. Bayan shi an yi sauran nade-naden sarautar mutane biyar da sunka haɗa da Injiniyan noma, Engr. Jika Naino wanda aka naɗa Dangaladiman Gobir, Dankasuwar Dakoro Malam Ousmane Balla Na-Allah da aka naɗa Masarin Gobir, Dankasuwa a Boungugi Elhj Chaibou Oumarou da aka nada Barden Gobir, Mashari’anci(Advocate) a Birnin Yamai Malam Laouali Amadou Madougou shi kuma aka nadashi kadon Gobir, sai kuma Dankasuwa a Birnin Tsibiri Malam Abou Gonda da aka naɗa sarautar Dangaladiman Sarkin Fawan Gobir.

    Sarautar Dan gara a Gobir, ta bakin Sani Danbieto Gobir, ma’anarta shine Sarki baya bada umarnin yaki sai da sa bakin Dan gara. A takaice sarautar dangara sauratace ta shawara kan harkokin da sunka shafi yaki a da.

  • Kakkarfar dangantakar dake tsakanin Gobirawa da Yarabawa

    Baya ga ƙaƙƙarfar dangantakar dake tsakanin Gobirawa da Yarabawa duk da cewa ba ita bace ta farko, haka kuma akwai dangantakar amintaka tsakaninsu da sauran kabilu irinsu Zabarmawa (zarma), Bare-bari (kanuri), Garori (Igala), Bachama (Chambawa), Nufawa (Nupe), Abzinawa (Tuareg ko Toureg), Jibalawa (A Kasar Adar, Jahar Tahoua, Nijar), Igbos (Yan kabilar Izza), Buzaye (Berber), Fulani (Kafin Danfodio daga baya ya zamo macijin bakin ƙaiƙai) da wasu.

    Lokacin Sarki Sule Dangaladima na Gobir a wancan zamanin, Gobirawa sun yi zamansu a Kasar Yarabawa har sunka yi auratayya dasu. Sunan “Gamba” sunane ga cewa “Gobir” ga Yarabawa kasancewar Bagobiri shine farkon bahaushen da ya taba cudanya da Yarabawa. A yau sarautar Dangaladima itace sarauta ta biyu mafi kima a Birnin Ilorin.

    “Ta bakin Sarkin Gobir na yanzu Abdulhamid Balarabe, danganataka tsakaninsu da Yarabawa ta faro tun lokacin zamanin Bawa Jan Gwarzo wanda ya bada diyatai ga aure ga wani Bayarabe lokacin gwagwarmayarshi. Yacce lokacinda Jan Gwarzo ya karasa da rundunatai a Kasar Yarabawa da niyyar mamaye Yamma, sai Yarabawan sunka bada kai wanda yafi su gabza yaki dashi. Ta dalilin haka sai kakkarfar dangantaka ta kara kulluwa dasu kuma sai sunka nemi ya basu diyatai da aure wadda ya basu. A wasar Hausawa ta tabbashintaka wadda Gobirawa ke yi, akwai wasa tsakanin diyan mata, saboda haka, Gobirawa na daukar Yarabawa tabbashinnansu dan suna daukar Yarabawa jikokin Bawa Jan Gwarzo.”


    Akwai wani gari a Jahar Kwara Tarayyar Nijeriya mai suna “Gobir” kamar yadda ke akwaisu a sauran Jahohi a Arewacin Nijeriya da Jamhoriyar Nijar. Mazamna garin Yarabawane da sunka yi auratayya da Gobirawa shekarau aru-aru tun kafin yakin Fulani, sanda Danfodio ya aika wani mai wa’azi Alimi can, ya je yayi auratayya dasu sannan sai ya dare musu bisa Karagar Sarauta a Ilorin.

    Yorubawa a Ilorin nada wuyar tamtamcewa daga Hausawa, suna tsagar Gobirawa irinta kumce ga gefen hagum da ta Yarabawa a kumcen dama, inda wasu kuma ke yin shatune- shatune guda a bangaren hagum da Yarabawa a na dama (Dan a nuna sunada dangantaka dasu), sunada matuka kama da halaye irin na Gobirawa. Irin wannan tsagar wasu kabilu da suke da dangantaka da Gobirawa a wasu yankunan a bangarorin Nijeriya da Jamhoriyar Nijar. Ko shakka babu, Gobirawane tushen kabilun Hausa kuma kashin bayan Kasar Hausa.

    Yarabawa na mutumta Gobirawa matuka kuma suna daukarsu yanuwa, su ma suna daukarsu haka har ma sukan wuce gona da iri wajen daukar duk Kabilun Yarabawa, ko da na Birnin Ikko ne, Ibadan, Osun da wasun sune. Sarkin Ilorin, Alhaji Ibrahim Sulu-Gambari, kasancewarshi mutumin kirki, na tsallake dukan ginshikai ya kaima yan uwanai ziyarar ban girma a Sabon Birnin Gobir. Sarkin Hausawan Ilorin na yanzu ma Bagobirine na Sabon Birnin. Alhaji Abubakar, yanada kuma Sarautar Maji dadin Gobir, Sabon Birnin Gobir, Jahar Sakkwato.

  • Tarihin yakin Katsinawa da Gobirawa

    A zamanin Sarkin Gobir Muhammane Mai-Gicce, sarkinda yayi sarauta a Gwararrame a yankin Gidan Rumji(Guidan Roumdji) ta yanzu a Jahar Maradi, Jamhoriyar Nijar. A zamanin wannan sarki ya tanadi wani asiri wanda ake kira da “Gicce”, shi wannan asiri shine sanadiyar da yassa ake mai lakabi da Sarki Gobir Mai-Gicce. Amfanin wannan asirin ga masarautar shine gudun farmakin bazata da kariya daga abokan hamayya da duk rundunardar yakin da ta nuho masarautar da niyyar yaki. Ko da labari yazo ga fada cewa ga rundunar yaki nan tafe ko an tsinkayo ƙura daga nesa alamar gudanar dawakai sai ayi maza-maza a sanardar mai ɗauko asirin. Runduna na isowa gab da gari sai a ɗaga Gicce sama. Da zarar an ɗagashi sama sai ƙura ta turnuƙe su kuma abokan gaba sai su kama gabansu dan tsoron abunda zai biyo baya garesu inda su kuma mayaƙan Gobir sun shirya kayan yaƙinsu cib-cib.

    Sarkin Katsina Janhazo a lokacin Tsohuwar Masarautar Katsina ta wancan lokaci tana karɓo umarni daga Masarautar Gobir, Sarkin da ganin Gobir bata yaƙuwa su kuma dama sunsan dalili shine sai sunka yo shiryayya da dubara na yaƙar Uwar Masarautarsu. Kafin su zo ma Gobir da yaƙi saida sunka yo dubara sunka raba Masarautar Gobir da wannan Asirin. Daga baya sai Katsina ta taho da rundunarta ta neman suna ta kafa tarihi a matsayin ƙabilar hausa da ta taɓa yaƙar ƴar uwarta da sunan yaƙi. A wannan labarin, sabanin yadda su sunka sha bada tarihin, zaku ji yadda tabbataccen tarihin yakin ya wakana, yadda Katsinawa sunka yaudari Gobirawa, sunka yakesu.

    Tarihin yakin Katsinawa da Gobirawa, kamar yadda Sarkin Gobir na Tsibirin Gobir ya bada a Gidan Talabijan na Kasar Jamhoriyar Nijar, Tele Sahel.

    Sultan Abdourahamane Bala Marafa sanda yake bada amsar tambayoyin da Danjarida ke mai na Tarihin Daular Gobir a daure, Alakarsu da zaman da suka yi da kabilu makwabta irinsu Barebari da Zabarmawa a da can. Sarki ya kuma yi karin haske gameda Tarihin Zaman Danfodio a Birnin Alkalawa da Tarihin Yakin Danfodio da Yunfa, Gwagwarmaya tsakaninshi da Sarki Bawa Jangwarzo, Sarki Nafata da Sarki Yakubu. Danjaridar Bazabarme ya sake tambayar Mai Martaba Tarihin Yakin Gobirawa da Katsinawa.

    *Ku tarbemu a kashi na biyu dan samun wannan tarihi*

  • History of Ancient Gobir empire and list of her Capitals

    The history of Gobir predates 5,000 years with 1,100 years of migrations. According to the explanations given by the head of the Maradi Institute for Social Sciences (IRSH), Mr. Sani Habou Magagi, If we take from the Eastern origin, the Gobirawa have come from Baghdad. That is to say present day Iraq, which is their first site or first capital. Their 2nd capital is Birnin Kudus in Jerusalem, The 3rd capital is Birnin Gubur in Yemen where they got the name “Gobir”, The 4th is Birnin Karbala in Saudi Arabia, The 5th is Birnin Masar (Egypt in Africa). The 6th capital is Birnin Surukan in Tunisia, The 7th is Birnin Tunasse still in Tunisia (North Africa), The 8th capital is Birnin Bagazam in Agadez, Niger Republic, (West Africa). The 9th is Birnin Aigadasse still in Niger Republic, The 10th is Birnin Tinliguilit in Niger also, The 11th is Birnin Marandat in Niger, The 12th capital is Birnin Toro in Niger, The 13th is Birnin Lalle in Niger, The 14th is Birnin Gwararrame in Niger, The 15th is Birnin Alkalawa in Nigeria, The 16th capital is Birnin Dakwarawa in Niger, The 17th Capital is Birnin Gawon Gazau in Nigeria.

    The 18th capital is Birnin Maradi in Niger (when Jibon Ta’uba branched to pay homeage to his maternal Katsinawa relatives) and the 19th and last capital is Birnin Tsibirin Gobir in Niger Republic. So there were 19 capitals, from Iraq to Niger, within 1,100 years of migrations; It should be noted that with these multiple migrations, the first Gobirawas intermingled with some people they found on the spot.

    According to the explanations given by the head of the IRSH, the capital Tibiri (Gobir) was founded in the 19th century, more precisely in 1835 by Djibon Taouba; Gobirawas founded their 19th capital, Birnin Tibiri in 1835 at the end of the Battle of Dakwarawa between Sultan Muhammadu Bello (the second king of Sokoto after Usman Danfodio his father) and two kings: one of Katsina Maradi, known as Sarki Raouda and the other in Tibiri called Sarki Ali.

    According to Sani Habou Magagi, if we take this genealogical list from the first traditional ruler to the Gobir 380th ruler, Sultan Elhadj Abdourahmane Balla Marafa, we can say that the Gobir’s climax came to fruition during the reign of Sarkin Gobir Bawa Jangwarzo. His fame has reached the four corners of the world. During his reign there was no wickedness and he was the absolute master of the Gobirawas. He prayed for a mysterious secret by which his power was recognized outside Gobir empire.

    The decline of large West African empires or kingdoms began with the Jihad of El Hadj Omar in western Sudan, that of Usmanu Danfodio in central Sudan and the Jihad of Mahadi in eastern Sudan. And it was during the same period, 19th century, that these three (3) Jihads took place. As for the decline of Gobir, there was the Fulani war of Usman Danfodio who targeted the reigning family with his crisis, targeting Sarki Yunfa and his brothers; There were also tribal and civil wars between the other Hausa kingdoms. And at the beginning of the 20th century there was colonial penetration which aided in weakening these great kingdoms in Africa.

  • History of Birnin Lalle and her sculptured king, Sarki Kututturu

    There situated one ancient African kingdom, Birnin lalle in Dakoro district of Maradi state of Niger Republic. The ancient Gobir kingdom in West Africa was renowned for its historic occurances in Gobir history; city of Henna trees (the trees that fetches the city its name) which numbers of them now did not withstand test of time in the lake owing to traditions of Hausa women body beautifications, marriage rite bathing and others. In this ancient city, there located tomb of Gobir first marked womanly royal, Kushewar Tahoua, the tomb of Queen Sarauniya Tahawwa, mother to founders of Birnin konni in Tahoua state, Niger Republic and Argungu emirate in kebbi state of Nigeria. The throne of Sarki Dalla Gungume, also Sarki Kututturu(one of African historic sculptured king that was had in the kingdom) is located there; And location of remarkable lake of its kind in the country “Tabkin lalle”, which attracts tourists from within and outside Maradi State of Niger Republic.

    Birnin lalle is the next capital Gobirawas settled in after Birnin Marandat and Birnin Toro. The city was founded centuries ago by Gobir hausas when they were in quest of a river or lake they would be practicing their dry season farming, being them farmers since day one. The city got its name from the Henna trees they found at the lake bank, by approaching the area with the spacious lake and discovering the trees there, they instantly gave the area name, by exclaming “Wannan wuri Birnin lalle kenan! -What a place bound with Henna trees!” The lake is the reason of their settling in there, due to their ancient occupation farming and the fact that water is life. According to historians, the Gobir capital, Birnin lalle was founded about 2000 years ago. Gobir people of ancient time are incessant travelers, they wandered all the way from Baghdad to their last spot, moreover amidst their capitals that they deserted, each one has a purpose surrounding… “Drought”, “Femine”, ” Lack of stream”, “War” and other social vices, as speculated. But on the part of Birnin lalle it was as a result of outbreak of femine.

    After the former founders moved, it was said the city made another boom 300 years back as a commercial city of that time, according to one oral historian in the ancient city, where the myth was that Kano based Merchants Caravans don’t stop by to sell-off goods to buyers enroute- untill they got to Lalle, then the present economic state “Maradi” was still a little village or not even in existence.

    Birnin lalle was once an administrative headquarter of French colonies but following the Frenchman’s dissatisfaction in the frogs crowing emerging from the lake, Maibuje (name given to him by the people, meaning one who wore skirt) moved the quarter to present Dakoro, a 15 km distance away from Birnin lalle.

    Sarki Issuhou Maidabo is the traditional ruler of the ancient kingdom of Birnin Lalle. He was enthroned to the ancient kingdom for about 50 years with traditional authority to villages and towns assigned to the kingdom by the French Government while other villages to a neighbouring kingdom, Kornaka under rule of Tuaregs (Abzinawas), formerly a Gobir hausa kingdom.

    Abzinawas were opportuned to rule the kingdom after their forefather Sarki Jaku settled in Kornaka Town. He married a Bagobira princess by name Princess Sahiya. When the Bagobiri king that ruled the kingdom last died and he begot no heir to succeed him, Jaku implored on his inlaws, the royals of Tibiri Gobir to let him be the next king to the throne and they have no option than to let him because Gobir hausas have such a tradition in them not to turn down their Inlaws requests and they enthroned him. His lineage are the rulers of the ancient town of Kornaka populated with Hausas, Tuaregs(Abzinawa), Zabarmawas, (Barebaris) Kanuris and Fulanis in the Dakoro district of Maradi state in Niger Republic.

    Tabkin Lalle covers about hundreds hectares of land implanted with different species of trees and enrevling sweet songs of birds as one approaches the lake. The remarkable lake attracts tourists and visitors from within and outside the country, most especially during Islamic festivals. The inhabitants who practiced dry season farming harvests tons of fresh vegetables and fruits which they distribute to neighbouring towns and villages markets, and generating revenue by so doing. In addition, under the undisputable President of the nation and with the aid of International interventions, the dry season farming was strenghtened with provisions of Machineries and enlightment. President Muhammadou Issuhou launched a program called “Dan Nijar ya cida Dan Nijar” let Nigerienes feeds Nigerines in the country in the year 2015 and Birnin lalle was among the beneficiaries of the program till date. Tabkin lalle also serves as must go for to camels and cattle rearers- Normadic Tuaregs and Fulanis, when other lakes that provides water to their livestocks had dried-off.

    Sarki Kututturu amidst other kings that were had in the city; Sarki Barankame, Sarki Kanni, Sarki Bartakeskes, Sarki Hammadin, Sarki Bartuwatuwa and others were among the Gobir 380 kings, but the fascinating fact is that Sarki Kututturu is not human king- it’s scuptured. The sculptured king, Sarki Kuturturu is an example of ancient African technology- tactics used by Africans to overcome a difficult situation in olden days and this is one of historical occurances in Gobir. The king is counted among Gobir 380 kings.

    An idea came to the royals fathers when they are out for a walk in the forest, they found a trunk and carved-out sculpture from it and enthroned it. They implemented this trick so as to checkmate killings of innocent kings by the rival royal families in Birnin lalle, when there was misunderstandings among the royal families in choosing a king. After the trunk king had been enthroned, the opposing royal families came forth as usual to make the king’s end, as they done have to others, but they found Sarki firm and fixed in his throne. To their understandings they don’t know the number of charms or amulets he possesses that made him not be scared of them or what he has in mind, at that instant they let peace reign and gave room to enthrone human kings long before they moved. Sarki Kannin and Sarki Hammadin the two surviving sons of Queen Sarauniya Tahawwa survived it by fleeing at night, as they have planned. They were forced to the throne one after another. They mounted horses and fleed northward and founded the present Birnin konni in Niger Republic and Argungu emirate in Kebbi state of Nigeria.

    Whenever their Mother, Queen Sarauniya Tahawwa recalled on how her two surviving sons got lost in the tiny air she would lament “Gobirawa haka kunka kai ni, bani ga Kannin, bani ga Hammadin?- Gobirawas is this how have got me, separating me from Kannin and Hammadin?” out of grief, according to Late Hausa Traditional Musician and Historian, Alhaji Maidaji Sabon Birni.

    After that She later reunited with her two sons when She learnt of their whereabouts. Sarki Kanni’s pregnant wife which he left at Birnin Lalle was brought to him and his supporters flooded and lived with him. Sarki Kannin and his younger brother Sarki Hammadi each have normal Gobir tribal marks six (6) and seven (7) scars respectively on their right and left cheek, and at the birth of their first children they decided that each child should have ten (10) or Twelve (12) scars in order to differentiate their children from other Gobirawas children. After a few years of stay with his elder brother Kanni who became the beloved and undisputed leader, Hammadin, considering that he has accomplished his duty, moved and founded Argungu emirate in present Nigeria.

    Sarki Kututturu serves some roles as a king during his reign, the king had chiefs and followers and when people come to do palace greetings, the chiefs and followers would quickly respond, “Sarki ya gaisheku- the king greets you”, perhaps that originated the practice of such responds to greetings in Hausa system of Government. Settling quarrels or disputes is done by the chiefs in palace who are taking the Sarki Kututturu’s part, when needed.

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